Who really controls the major geopolitical events of our times? Is it the visible mass of humanity, expressing their will through the popular vote? Is it the shadowy propagandists working for criminal billionaires like George Soros? Or are people like George Soros merely “useful idiots” for even more sinister powers?
Wikipedia defines conspiracy theory as “A conspiracy theory is an explanation of an event or situation that invokes an unwarranted conspiracy, generally one involving an illegal or harmful act carried out by government or other powerful actors. Conspiracy theories often produce hypotheses that contradict the prevailing understanding of history or simple facts. The term is often a derogatory one.”.
Does Barack Obama work for the American people, or does he work for the bankers at Goldman Sachs who paid for his election campaign? How much does he owe to George Soros and how will George be repaid? Or, are both of them just pawns who owe their money and power to people and organizations unknown?
Who really killed Kennedy? Did men really walk on the moon? Was 9/11 an inside job? How much do we have to fear from secret societies? Why did Vince Foster have to die? Why were the children at Waco brutally murdered by federal government troops?
Read on to discover the answers to these and many other fascinating questions…
Types of conspiracy theory
Walker’s five kinds
Jesse Walker (2013) has identified five kinds of conspiracy theories:
- The “Enemy Outside” refers to theories based on figures alleged to be scheming against a community from without.
- The “Enemy Within” finds the conspirators lurking inside the nation, indistinguishable from ordinary citizens.
- The “Enemy Above” involves powerful people manipulating events for their own gain.
- The “Enemy Below” features the lower classes working to overturn the social order.
- The “Benevolent Conspiracies” are angelic forces that work behind the scenes to improve the world and help people.
Barkun’s three types
Barkun has identified three classifications of conspiracy theory:
- Event conspiracy theories. This refers to limited and well-defined events. Examples may include such conspiracies theories as those concerning the Kennedy assassination, 9/11, and the spread of AIDS.
- Systemic conspiracy theories. The conspiracy is believed to have broad goals, usually conceived as securing control of a country, a region, or even the entire world. The goals are sweeping, whilst the conspiratorial machinery is generally simple: a single, evil organization implements a plan to infiltrate and subvert existing institutions. This is a common scenario in conspiracy theories that focus on the alleged machinations of Jews, Freemasons, Communism, or the Catholic Church.
- Superconspiracy theories. For Barkun, such theories link multiple alleged conspiracies together hierarchically.
Rothbard: shallow vs. deep
Murray Rothbard argues in favor of a model that contrasts “deep” conspiracy theories to “shallow” ones. According to Rothbard, a “shallow” theorist observes an event and asks Cui bono? (“Who benefits?”), jumping to the conclusion that a posited beneficiary is responsible for covertly influencing events. On the other hand, the “deep” conspiracy theorist begins with a hunch, and then seeks out evidence. Rothbard describes this latter activity as a matter of confirming with certain facts one’s initial paranoia.